A person bitten by a viper experiences sharp pain in the affected site, feels weak and nauseated.
What to do. If breathing and heartbeat are regular, the bitten person needs to lie flat and the affected limb has to be isolated from blood circulation. The bitten limb should be bound with a constricting bandage, at a distance of about five centimeters from the bite. For this you can use a belt, or a strip of cloth or rubber. The site bitten by the viper must rest at a lower level than the heart, therefore legs and arms must not be raised or rest on pillows or folded clothes. It is preferable to immobilize the affected limb with a splint, as movement could make the poison spread in the body more easily. Do not apply ice to the wound or execute an injection of anti-viper serum without a doctor, because the person might be allergic to this substance. The person must avoid strains and be accompanied as soon as possible to the First Aid. You’d better to carry it by arms or on a stretcher to the car, because the movement puts more blood circulation and spreads more poison. It is good to know that a viper bite produces serious effects only after at least two hours.